Ireland: The Facts

To get your head around the basics of the county you are about to conquer here as some facts and statistics that may or may not be accurate.

Population of the island of Ireland: 6,584,000

Population of the Republic of Ireland: 4,773,000

Population of Northern Ireland: 1,811,000

Ireland / Northern Ireland: The island of Ireland is split into the 26 counties of the Republic of Ireland and the 6 counties of Northern Ireland. The Republic is an independent nation with a Taoiseach (president) and Prime Minister and Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland is ruled from Westminster in London but has it's own parliament at Stormont in Belfast. The two countries are connected by an invisible border free of passport controls and checkpoints..  

Population by towns and cities:

Dublin : 565,000
Belfast: 333.871
Cork: 125,622
Limerick: 94,192
Derry/Londonderry: 83,652
Galway: 79,504
Waterford: 53,504
Kilkenny: 26,512

Tralee: 23,691

Wexford: 20,188

Sligo: 19,199

Killarney: 14,504

Number of sheep: Approx. 3.3 million

Counties: 32 counties - 26 in the Republic and 6 in Northern Ireland

Counties by name: Antrim, Armagh, Carlow, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Derry, Donegal, Down, Dublin, Fermanagh, Galway, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, Tipperary, Tyrone, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow

Most visited tourist attractions: 

1. Guinness Storehouse

2. Dublin Zoo

3. Cliffs of Moher

4. National Aquatic Centre

5. Trinity College & the Book of Kells

6. Tayto Park

7. St Patrick's Cathedral

8. Fota Wildlife Park

9. Blarney Castle

10. Kilmainham Gaol

Most visited tourist attractions in Northern Ireland:

1. Giant's Causeway

2. Titanic Belfast

3. Ulster Museum

4. Carrick-a-rede Ropebridge

5. Derry Walls

Languages: English (main), Irish (secondary). Irish is taught in schools and is the first language in some areas of the Gaeltacht (Irish speaking region) in the west of the country. Don't worry, you can always get by in English.

Currency: Euro (Ireland), British Pound Stirling (Northern Ireland). The Banks in Northern Ireland print their own banknotes and these look completely different to their English counterparts. It may be difficult to spend Northern Irish GBP in England but not vice versa.

International Airports: Dublin Airport, Shannon Airport, Cork Airport, Belfast International Airport

Domestic Airports: Kerry Airport, Knock Airport, Derry Airport, Belfast City Airport (George Best)

Ports: Dublin (Dun Laoghaire), Rosslare (Wexford), Belfast, Cork (Cobh and Ringsakiddy) 

Drive on: The right hand side

Road measurements: kilometres and kph (Ireland) and miles and mph (Northern Ireland)

Travel times by car:

Giant's Causeway (North East) to Skellig Experience (South West) - 390 miles / 627 kilometres / approx. 7 hours 15 mins

Glenveagh National Park (North East) to Waterford Crystal (South West) - 252 miles / 406 kilometres / approx. 5 hours 15 minutes

Dublin to Skellig Experience Centre - 230 miles / 370 kilometres / approx. 4 hours 35 minutes

Dublin to Glenveagh National Park - 165 miles / 265 kilometres / approx. 4 hours

Dublin to Giant's Causeway - 165 miles / 265 kilometres / approx. 3 hours 10 minutes

Dublin to Waterford Crystal - 105 miles / 217 kilometres / approx. 2 hours


How to get around Ireland by train, bus and car


Sign post in Irish and English


a throng of tourists around Temple Bar in Dublin


© 2018 by Macanta Ireland. 

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